LAMP vs. MEAN Stack: Choosing the Right Fit for your Project

MEAN vs. LAMP

E-commerce platforms like Amazon, Walmart, eBay, Alibaba etc. provides the best user-experience and that’s the reason they are always on the top of trends and can respond to the millions of request within seconds. It is all because they have used the best business model which is supported by influential technology. Have you ever thought how huge such kind of system would be? What it would take to reach such great heights?

Let’s figure it out…

To develop such web-driven application, it should be supported by the technology like Apache Tomcat as the web server and PHP and J2EE as development framework. Since years, LAMP is serving as go-to technology as it is involved in Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP, Perl or Python. Although LAMP being good technology to deal with, it is a conventional approach to handle large database web-applications. So, this technology is replaced with MEAN (MongoDB, ExpressJS, AngularJS and NodeJS) to provide faster and efficient web development due to the JavaScript compatibility. Since it works on the REST API, web-app can be developed by multiple front-end and the same back-end; hence reduces the cost of developing back-end. Moreover, you can replace Angular.js with any framework that suits best for the system.

Why MEAN is the best for your enterprise compared to LAMP?

  • MongoDB vs. MySQL:

MongoDB is considered as modern NoSQL database with number of features and compatibilities. The strength of MongoDB lies in relational database compared to MySQL. When relational database is used in MySQL, it feels like data is pushed into the table forcefully. The system works perfect when single entry fits into every single format, but fails badly when it doesn’t happen. On the other hand, MongoDB offers a document structure which is more flexible. So, if you wish to add new fields then simply add the field to the form, roll it up with the rest of Data in JSON document, and put it into MongoDB collection. This is great for the data dealing with dynamic data which is difficult to constrain in table form.

  • Makes your UX better with front-end

One of the major reasons to shift from LAMP to MEAN is to migrate from server-side page generation to client-side single page applications. In MEAN, Express.js works on the REST structure and handles server-side routing and Angular.js handles client-side views. The web-page presentation and control flow task in LAMP which was handled by PHP, Perl or Python is taken care of by Expres.js and Angular in MEAN. Additionally, Angular.js also handles data presentation of an application. Hence, this shift is from synchronous to asynchronous processes and page-centric views to component-oriented views of an application. Moreover, being backed with the excellent JavaScript front-end framework, web-app runs efficiently, making the UX smoother. With all such parameters in the mean stack, it enables the web application to run on desktops, laptops, mobile phones, tablets etc.

  • The Code

MEAN makes the use of Express.js and Angular.js to drive the web page presentation and control flow. Express.js serves as a controller layer, controlling application flow and organizing data for Angular.js, which handles data presentation. The importance of this is, it has simplified back-end architecture. If you write the code for Node and decide to place in Angular, you can do it with ease. This flexibility makes the MEAN based apps significantly easier. You can have the added benefit of having entirely single language and don’t have to look for the additional developers like PHP expert, JavaScript expert or front-end or back-end specialist – just a front-end java script developer to trace all the way down the stack without having learn other programming language.

  • Node.js simplifies the server layer

Navigating various layers of LAMP stack is like dancing on many hats; going through the various config files with different syntax.  This sounds bit clumsy. But, when it comes to MEAN, it simplifies this with the help of Node.js.

Sprinkle in some JavaScript whether you want to change how your app routes requests or want to change the logic used to answer queries or if you want to rewrite URLs or construct an odd mapping and let Node.js do the rest of the work. The MEAN stack in combination with Node.js keeps everything in one place and one language. You don’t have to read the pages of PHP, generate different config files etc as in LAMP. Having everything at one place reduces the chances of errors and confusions between multiple layers.

To be precise…..

TechnologyLAMPMEAN
PerformanceSupports Horizontal scaling which is not good for high read-writesIt achieves high performance by trading off clustered setups with the,help of MEAN. High-speed, flexibility and infrequent data loss
DatabaseMySQL(RDBMS): Traditional database systemNoSQL database: Supports document-oriented database system, JSON-style,documents making integrations of data into certain applications fast and,easy
User DevelopmentFront-end development, multiple layers with different config files and syntaxFront-end and Back-end development. JavaScript is the ruler
ScalabilityLow scalability as read/write ratios growsHigh Scalability
Through-putSynchronousAsynchronous
CostHigh as you require front-end and back-end specialistCheaper as you require only JavaScript specialist

LAMP stack has surely become a conventional approach but it holds the good efficiency in the market over the years as many CMS still rely on LAMP. However, MEAN Stack becoming new player provides the new and innovative ways to cut the grounds. MEAN web development has its own list of benefits to offer for a flexible web development especially for an organization that is looking to move its focus from LAMP to an advanced Mean stack technology.

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